Depresi dan Kesepian Pada Lanjut Usia Saat Pandemi COVID-19

Esti Widiani, Nurul Hidayah, Abdul Hanan


The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has had a psychological impact on the elderly. The elderly feel lonely and depressed. Spirituality to deal with the pandemic is needed by the elderly. This study aims to determine the relationship between spirituality with depression and loneliness in the elderly. This research was conducted with a cross-sectional approach using a questionnaire on 142 elderly respondents. Based on the Spearman rank correlation test results, there is a unidirectional relationship between spirituality scores and depression scores with a p-value of 0.038 (p <0.05). The correlation coefficient between spirituality scores and depression scores is 0.174, which means that the higher the spirituality score, the higher the depression score with feeble relationship strength. There is a direct relationship between spirituality with a p-value of 0.00 (p <0.05). The correlation coefficient value between spirituality score and loneliness score is 0.306, which means that the higher the spirituality score, the higher the loneliness score with low relationship strength. Spirituality is not the only factor that can improve depression and loneliness in the elderly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Other aspects need to be identified to help overcome depression and loneliness in the elderly.


Andrieieva, O., Hakman, A., Kashuba, V., Vasylenko, M., Patsaliuk, K., Koshura, A., & Istyniuk, I. (2019). Original Article Effects of physical activity on aging processes in elderly persons. 19(4), 1308–1314.

Ayu Savitri Astiningsih, N. P., & Suwanti, S. (2021). Tingkat depresi pada lansia dimasa pandemik covid-19 di kelurahan banjar tengah, kecamatan negaragambaran [PhD Thesis]. Universitas Ngudi Waluyo.

Bianca, N. (2021). Gambaran loneliness pada lansia di era pandemi covid-19 [PhD Thesis]. Universitas Pelita Harapan.

Harrawood, L. K. (2010). Measuring spirituality, religiosity, and denial in individuals working in funeral service to predict death anxiety. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying, 60(2), 129–142.

Kavoosian, N., Hosseinzadeh, K., Jaliseh, H. K., & Karboro, A. (2018). The relationship between spiritual health and loneliness among the elderly in Karaj-2016. J Res Relig Health, 4(2), 7–15.

Khanna, S., & Greyson, B. (2014). Daily spiritual experiences before and after near-death experiences. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 6(4), 302–309.

Mahwati, Y. (2017). The relationship between spirituality and depression among the elderly in Indonesia. Makara Journal of Health Research, 21(1), 13–19.

Mustafa Kutlu, & Demir, Y. (2016). The Relationship between Loneliness and Depression: Mediation Role of Internet Addiction. Educational Process: International Journal, 5(2), 97–105.

Pessoa, R. F., Neves, C. M., & Ferreira, M. E. C. (2019). Dance therapy in aging: A systematic review. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19(2), 1180–1187.

Prihatin, T. (2021). Gambaran loneliness pada lanjut usia di masa pandemi covid-19 di kelurahan tegal besar kecamatan kaliwates jember [PhD Thesis]. Universitas Muhammdiyah Jember.

Sari, Y. (2021). Aktivitas Fisik Dan Tingkat Depresi Lansia Di Masa Pandemi. Jurnal Kesehatan Mercusuar, 4(2), 11–18.

Schug, C., Morawa, E., Geiser, F., Hiebel, N., Beschoner, P., Jerg-Bretzke, L., Albus, C., Weidner, K., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Borho, A., Lieb, M., & Erim, Y. (2021). Social Support and Optimism as Protective Factors for Mental Health among 7765 Healthcare Workers in Germany during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results of the VOICE Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(7), 3827.

Stuart, G. W. (2014). Principles and practice of psychiatric nursing-e-book. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Susan Jane Bretherton (2733718). (2017). An Investigation of Factors that Influence Older Adults to Use Mental Health Services for Depression and Anxiety Symptomatology.

Townsend, M. C. (2013). Essentials of psychiatric mental health nursing: Concepts of care in evidence-based practice. FA Davis.

Translations. (2011). Daily Spiritual Experience Scale. Diambil dari:

Underwood, L. G. (2011). The daily spiritual experience scale: Overview and results. Religions, 2(1), 29–50.

Wong, SabrinaT., Yoo, GraceJ., & Stewart, AnitaL. (2007). An Empirical Evaluation of Social Support and Psychological Well-being in Older Chinese and Korean Immigrants. Ethnicity & Health, 12(1), 43–67.

Wulandari, A. (2020). Gambaran tingkat kesepian lanjut usia akibat dampak covid-19 [PhD Thesis]. Universitas Kusuma Husada.


  • There are currently no refbacks.